In 1988, Vladislav Ardzinba was elected a deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic. From this moment begins the political career of a man who later became the founder of the modern Abkhazian state.
In 1989, the ethnopolitical confrontation between the Abkhazians and Georgians in the republic passed into the acute phase. The Abkhaz people more than ever needed information and political support, as the Georgian leadership did everything to drown out the truth about the true historical and legal root causes of the confrontation between Georgians and Abkhazians.
During this period, Ardzinba is elected as the People's Deputy of the USSR and a deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, soon becomes Chairman of the subcommittee on the state and legal status of autonomous entities and a member of the Presidium of the Supreme Council of the USSR.
In 1990, Ardzinba was elected chairman of the Supreme Council of the Abkhaz ASSR. The new leader of the republic became the conductor of the course aimed at realizing the inalienable right of the people of Abkhazia to self-determination.
On August 25, 1990, at the session of the Supreme Council, a declaration was adopted, according to which Abkhazia was proclaimed a sovereign state. Tbilisi declared it invalid and having no legal force.
Having violated the agreements reached, according to which the sides withdrew troops (Georgians to the village of Bagmaran, Abkhazians to the Gumista River), on August 18 the State Council troops entered Sukhum without hindrance and occupied the city. Looting and ethnic cleansing of primarily the Abkhazian population of the capital began.
The leadership of the republic from the first days of the war moved from Sukhum to Gudauta, from where it worked during the entire period of hostilities. Closed territory from Gumista to Bzyb remained controlled by Abkhazians. Tkuarchal and some Abkhaz villages of Ochamchyra district were in blockade. The rest of the country was occupied by Georgian troops.
The Abkhazian formations began to establish the Gumista defensive line, the Western Front. Spontaneously created armed guerrilla groups in the eastern part of Abkhazia began to unite, so the Eastern Front was gradually formed.
Against the backdrop of these events, on September 3, 1992, a meeting of heads of the Caucasian republics was held in Moscow in the "President Hotel", as it was officially named. Unofficially, it was nicknamed the gladiators' fight.
On the agenda of the meeting of the heads of Russia, Georgia and Abkhazia, in which the leaders of the North Caucasus and the regions of the South of Russia also participated, there was a question neither more nor less about the cessation of hostilities in Abkhazia. However, the Abkhaz delegation was under strong pressure from the other participants of the meeting, the latter openly tried to strengthen the position of the Georgian side.
The leader of the country, subjected to aggression, was tried to force to sign a document condemning the actions of volunteers. Despite the colossal pressure, Ardzinba showed firmness and managed to defend the honor of the people who stood up for the protection of the Abkhaz people.
He did not bring the final document of the Moscow peace meeting on the Abkhazian land, as it did not imply the withdrawal of Georgian troops from the territory of Abkhazia, as the Abkhaz side insisted. Confrontation continued.
During the period of Ardzinba's activity, measures of fundamental importance were taken in the republic. In particular, the restoration of the Constitution of Abkhazia in 1925, the formation of the Abkhazian army, the Ministry of Defense, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the State Committee for Repatriation, and the restoration of the primordial toponymy.
Among the most important acts of Ardzinba's presidency is the signing of a statement on measures for a political settlement of the Georgian-Abkhaz conflict; the introduction of the Peacekeeping contingent of Russian troops along the line of confrontation on the border of Abkhazia with Georgia; conclusion of agreements on friendship and cooperation between Abkhazia and a number of other republics; the opening of the representative offices of the republic in a number of countries; adoption of the new Constitution of the sovereign Abkhazian state, the Emblem, the Flag and the Anthem of the Republic; recognition of the Abkhaz language as the state language of the republic; establishment of the Academy of Sciences of Abkhazia.
The outstanding state and political figure of Abkhazia, Vladislav Ardzinba, died at the age of 65 on March 4, 2010. He bequeathed to bury himself in his native village Eshera of the Sukhum district of Abkhazia on the once-line of the Gumistia front.